What to Know About Diabetes

What is diabetes?

Often referred to as diabetes mellitus by doctors, it describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the individual has the presence of high blood glucose or blood sugar due to inadequate production of insulin or when cells in the body fail to respond accordingly to the insulin. Patients diagnosed with diabetes experience symptoms such as frequent urination and increased thirst and hunger.

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What are the different types of diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes arises in the body when it fails to produce insulin. People incur such diabetes usually before their 40th year or in the early onset of their adulthood and teenage years. An estimate of 10 percent of all diabetes cases is Type 1. Patients diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their lives. They must ensure adequate levels of blood glucose by carrying out regular blood tests while following a special diet.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is registered when the body fails to produce enough insulin for proper functioning or when the cells in the body fail to react to insulin. Approximately 90 percent of all cases registered under diabetes are Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease, and it gets worse in time making the patient take insulin typically in tablet form. Overweight and obese individuals are more prone to developing such diabetes when compared to healthy body weight individuals. Men whose testosterone levels are low have an increased chance of developing such diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

This particular diabetes affects women during pregnancy. Certain women have high levels of glucose present in their body making them unable to produce a minimum amount of insulin needed to transport glucose into the cells, resulting in progressively elevating levels of glucose. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.

What are the effective treatments for diabetes?

Every type of diabetes is treatable. Diabetes Type 1 lasts for a lifetime, however, and there is no particular cure for it. Type 2 diabetes usually lasts for a lifetime. However, there have been records of certain people overcoming their symptoms without medication instead through a combination of exercises, diet, and body weight control.

Patients diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes are treated with regular insulin injections as well as a combination of special diets and exercise. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are treated through tablets, training, and special food. However, insulin injections are needed at times. If the diabetes problem is not controlled in time and accordingly, the patient has a higher chance of developing complications.

It's important to also get the right amount of B vitamins and alpha lipoic acid, which are commonly found in nerve pain supplements.

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